A to Z of Eye Symptoms

Age-Related Macular Degeneration – Damages centre of the retina & leads to loss of central vision.

Amblyopia (lazy eye) – Poor vision in an eye which didn’t develop normal sight during childhood.

Bacterial Keratitis – An infection of the cornea caused by injury to the eye or improper care of contact lenses.

Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion – Small veins in the retina become blocked.

Cataracts – Causes the eye’s lens to become cloudy & causes vision problems.

Color Blindness – You become unable to see colours as they are, and your eyes get confused with colours.

Diabetic Retinopathy – Caused by changes in blood vessels in the retina & by diabetes.

Dry Eyes – The eyes don’t produce a sufficient amount of tears to remain healthy/comfortable.

Eye Cancer – Cancerous cells growing in the eye.

Farsightedness – Objects close to the eye appear blurred & distant objects look clear.

Floaters – Clumps of cells causing shadows on the eye’s retina.

Glaucoma – A disease that damages the eye’s optic nerve and can cause blindness if left untreated.

Hyphema – Blood appears in the front part of the eye. It can partially or fully block vision in the eye.

Iritis – Inflammation of the iris. Can cause pain, sight loss or blurred vision.

Keratitis – Inflammation or swelling of the cornea. It can make the eye red and painful.

Keratoconus – The round cornea becomes cone shaped and thin, causing distortion of vision.

Lattice Degeneration – Disease where the retina may develop tears or holes. It can lead to retinal detachment.

Macular Hole – A small break in the macula which can cause blurred vision and can decrease central vision.

Nearsightedness – Objects close to the eye appear clear & objects further away appear blurred.

Nystagmus – Involuntary movement of the eyes, causing them to move side-to-side or up and down rapidly.

Ocular Hypertension – When there is high pressure in the eye. It becomes more common as you get older.

Ocular Neuritis – When the eye’s optic nerve becomes inflamed.

Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis) – The inside of your eyelids swells up.

Ptosis – When eyelids droop, and block/restrict vision as a result.

Retinal Detachment – The retina becomes detached if there is a tear or hole in the retina.

Retinopathy – Blocked or leaky blood vessels damaging the retina and preventing it from working properly.

Strabismus – The eyes point in different directions & aren’t aligned properly.

Solar Retinopathy – Damage caused to the retina by harmful radiation when looking directly at the sun.

Thyroid Eye Disease – Swelling of the fat and muscles around the eye.

Torn Retina – The retina is torn in one or several places. It can lead to a detached retina.

Uveitis – The middle layer of the eye becomes inflamed & can lead to vision loss if it is left untreated.

Vitreous Detachment – The vitreous shrinks and separates from the retina. People over 50 are more at risk.

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